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Why people experience hearing imperiment and hard of hearing? Get the answers here

  Departmenr of counselling pschology UEW-group 6 Question 1: What is hearing impairment? Question  2: What is hard hearing ? Question 3: ho...

 

Departmenr of counselling pschology

UEW-group 6

Question 1: What is hearing impairment?

Question  2: What is hard hearing ?

Question 3: how are hearing impairment and hard of hearing different?

Question 4: Why people experience hearing imperiment and hard of hearing.




                                        QUESTION 1

Hearing impairment is the inability to hear sounds. It is also used to describe people with any degree of hearing loss from mild to profound, including those who are deaf and those who are hard of hearing.

There are four types of hearing impairments, they are; Conductive hearing impairment, Sensorineural hearing impairment, Central hearing impairment and Mixed hearing impairment.

 

CONDUCTIVE HEARING IMPAIRMENT

This means the vibrations are not passing through the Outer ear to the Inner ear, specifically the Cochlea. This normally happens when there is an excessive build-up of earwax, an infection with the inflammation and fluid buildup and a defect of the eardrum. This can be prevented by removing earwax from ear very often to prevent this kind of hearing loss and avoid improper use of materials for earwax removing to prevent the ear from defect.

 

SENSORINEURAL HEARING IMPAIRMENT

This kind of hearing loss normally happens due to damaged hair cells in the Cochlea. This damaged hair cells occurs when the ear is exposed to long time loud noise, the damaged hair cells cannot be replaced. Research is looking into using stem cells to grow new hair cells in the ears. This can also be prevented by avoiding the hearing of loud noise or avoid getting closer to places where loud noise is often produced.

 

 

 CENTRAL HEARING IMPAIRMENT

The sensation of sound is produced and interpreted meaningfully by the Cerebral Cortex which is part of the brain. Therefore, if there is interference with the pathway through which nerve fibres proceed from the brain stem to the temporal lobes of the cerebral cortex it results to central hearing loss.

MIXED HEARING IMPAIRMENT

It is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss. Long term ear infection can damage both the eardrum and the ossicles, this is often difficult to diagnose and treat because there are problems of both conduction and processing of sound.

PROBLEMS OF HEARING IMPAIRMENT

People with hearing impairment are bound to have some challenges which really disturbs them a lot, these problems rang from, Language difficulty, Social and emotional problems, Thinking difficulty to academic achievement problems.

 




LANGUAGE DIFFICULTY

According to Bakare 1979, perception is the first major process in the cognitive processes and that, the defects in the hearing organ of the deaf creates a deficit in the development continuum of the language skills. Hearing loss could deprive the affected person of the natural ability to acquire verbal language which could impede development.

 

SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL HEARING IMPAIRMENT

The social integration of hearing-impaired students with classroom generally depends on whether or not their hearing peers perceived them good enough to make effective number of a decision group or project group (Northcott 1973). Socially, the hearing-impaired child is bound to be less matured as compared to a child with hearing ability because of certain frustrating problems he is subjected to, like poor language development. Studies  have  shown  that  the  hearing  impaired  manifest  a  great  degree  of emotional maladjustment  than their normal  peers and they are  often emotionally  insecure in their relationship with others as in most cases they are not sure of being understood by other people when they use sign language (Obikeze' and Ofojebe 2000).

 

  THINKING AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

  The hearing impaired children due to lack of auditory experience have their intellectual development defective when compared with the hearing children.  Okeke  (2001)  argued  that  if  the  children's  hearing  impairment  is  not ameliorated, poor or lack of complex and abstract reasoning will Pose a serious threat to the child's academic aspirations. In other words language disabilities  resulting from  deafness" directly interfere with intellectual performance and indirectly affect thinking by obstructing normal  patterns  of  cognitive  stimulation  and  interpersonal  communication  and interactions.

 

                                                   

                                                   QUESTION 2

Hard of hearing refers to a hearing loss where they may be enough residual hearing that an auditory device such as FM System provide adequate assistance to process speech. It’s also refers to someone with mild- to –severe hearing loss which some hearing capability is still present.

SYMPTOMS OF HARD OF HEARING

The symptoms below indicate hard of hearing.

Feeling like speech and other sounds are quiet or muffled.

Having trouble hearing other people, particularly in noisy surroundings or when more than one person is speaking.

Frequently needing to ask others to repeat themselves or to speak more loudly or slowly having to turn the volume up on your TV or headphones.

People who are hard of hearing can choose from among several different treatment options this include;

HEARING AIDS: Hearing aids are small devices that sit in the ear and come in a variety of types and fits. They help amplify sounds in your environment so that you can more easily hear what’s going on around you.

OTHER ASSISTIVE DEVICES: Examples of assistive devices include captioning on videos and FM systems, which use a microphone for the speaker and a receiver for the listener.

COCHLEAR IMPLANTS: A cochlear implant may help if you have more severe hearing loss. It converts sounds into electrical signals. These signals travel to the acoustic nerve, and the brain interprets them as sounds.

SURGERY: Conditions affecting the structures of the ear, such as the eardrum and bones of the middle ear, can cause hearing loss. In these types of cases, doctors may recommend surgery.

EARWAX REMOVAL: A buildup of earwax can cause temporary hearing loss. The doctor may use a small tool or suction device to remove earwax that’s accumulated in your ear.

 

                                         

 



                                                   QUESTION 3

Hearing impairment describe people with any degree of hearing loss from mild to profound, including those who are deaf and those who are hard of hearing whiles hard of hearing refers to people who are deaf and may have speech that is difficult to understand due to the inability to hear their own voice.

A person who is hard-of-hearing often does not use sign language as their first or preferred language, but some may whiles hearing impaired person is unable to hear sound.

                                            

 

                                                    

                                                  QUESTION 4

There are some factors that contribute to hard of hearing and hearing impairment, these include;

AGEING: Our ability to hear decreases as we age due to the degeneration of the structures in the ear.

LOUD NOISES: Exposure to loud noises during leisure activities or at your workplace can damage your hearing.

INFECTIONS: Some infections can lead to hearing loss. These can include things like chronic middle ear infections (otitis media), meningitis, and measles.

MEDICATIONS: Some medications can cause hearing loss. Examples include some types of antibiotics, chemotherapy drugs, and diuretics.

CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES: Some people are born with ears that haven’t formed properly.

GENETICS: Genetic factors can predispose someone to develop hearing loss.

PHYSICAL FACTORS: Having a perforated eardrum or a buildup of earwax can make hearing difficult.

                                                                                 

                                                              

 

 

 

                                                       REFERENCES

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/336025368_CHAPTER_EIGHT_HEARING_IMPAIRMENT

https://www.healthline.com/health/hard-of-hearing#treatment

https://www.bing.com/search?q=Difference+between+hearing+impairment+and+hard+of+hearing&form=ANNTH1&refig=7d022735e68e4809bf5125826be77aaf&sp=-1&pq=difference+between+hearing+impairment+and+ha&sc=0-44&qs=n&sk=&cvid=7d022735e68e4809bf5125826be77aaf

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