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The Five Main Stages In Counselling Pschology In The World

  There are five (5) main stages in counselling. These stages are as follows, (i) Relationship Building:   Relationship building is the ...


There are five (5) main stages in counselling. These stages are as follows,

(i) Relationship Building:


Relationship building is the first stage of counselling. As a counselor, this is the first and the most important stage whenever you have a client. First of all, you need to build a good relationship with your client. This will help your client to open up. Relationship building is when the counselor establishes rapport with the client based on respect, trust and mutual purpose. The rapport simply means “a close and harmonious relationship in which the people or groups concerned understand each other’s feelings and communicate well”. Therefore, from the case, the counsellor started building rapport when he caringly welcomed Michaela. The counselor became free to her or he opened up for Michaela. The counselor then assured confidentiality.

(ii) Problem Assessment:

Problem assessment is said to be the second stage in counselling. It can be explained as the process of gathering data to appraise a person`s behaviour, skill, and other features mainly for the purpose of making treatment recommendation.  This is where all the needed information’s are gathered by the counsellor. Without problem assessment, the counselor cannot move to the next stage because this is where the problems of the client will be collected and noted. Therefore, from the case, the counselor asked of Michaela`s challenges and wrote/ noted them down. The counsellor also asked Michaela if she had any problems with her, parents, boyfriend, friends, family or siblings among others. After the counsellor asked of all these things, due to the therapeutic relationship the counselor built in stage one, Michaela then told the counselor that it is due to the divorce of her parent that made her to overthink.

(iii) Goal Setting:

Goal setting is the third stage in counselling.  In the goal setting process, the counsellor finds out from the client what they want out of the counselling process.  From the case Michaela was given a paper and a pencil test of which shefilled. This will guide the counsellor in setting the goal.

(iv) Counselling Intervention:

This will depend on the diagnosis and the goal of counselling, the therapeutic chooses an appropriate therapy which spans a period of week.  From the case, it was clearly stated that the counsellor made the client aware that cognitive behaviour therapy will be used and will take six weeks.

(v) Evaluation, Termination:

This is the last stage of counselling. It is also said to be the final stage of counselling process that clients need to be prepared for. At the latter part of the case, the counsellor asked Michaela to recount all she learnt and acquired throughout all the six weeks period. Also, the counselor asked of how Michaela felt after the therapy was done.

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